XVI Latin American Summit in Uruguay
On November 2 and 3, and previously to the XVI Latin American Summit, the II Latin American Civic Encounter was held. In this event, more than 80 representatives from social and union agents, women, child, youth, native populations, immigrants and NGOs, met. According to Pilar Orenes, Vice President of the Spanish NGO Coordinator for Development (CONGDE), the goal of their Encounter was to promote that "civil society take the lead, may open forums and governments listen to the social organisations. At the end of the Encounter a Declaration on Migration and Development was submitted to the Heads pf State and Government taking part in the XVI Latin American Summit. Thus, the social activists showed their willingness to achieve societies with dignity, justice and solidarity.
Immediately after the Civic Encounter, the Heads of State and Government of the 22 countries that make up the Latin American Nations Community, held their Summit in Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay, during November 3,4 and 5. As a result of intense debates, the leaders adopted the Carta Cultural Iberoamericana in order to promote the construction of a peace culture based on exchange, intercultural dialogue and cooperation. Although the debt swap for education was not in the agenda, the heads of state and government supported this initiative in the final declaration and were committed to follow up the effectiveness of the debt swap experiences in the Latin American region.
Regarding education, they supported the starting of the "2007-2015 Latin American Literacy and Primary Education for Youth and Adults Programme" and declared 2007 as the "Latin American Literacy Year". They added to their agenda their will to create a Latin American Knowledge Forum, articulated around investigation, development and innovation and in this framework, promote cooperation in academic mobility for university students. They also made a commitment to implement gender equality in all Latin American cooperation activities.
Finally, the Heads of State and Governments participating in the Summit showed total support for the UN Mission to Stabilize Haiti and stressed the need to cooperate in the democratic consolidation of the country. Entreculturas has been working for more than a year in the region. Entreculturas-Fe y Alegría Haiti promotes youth and adult education so they may participate in society and they may become actors of their own development.