Two years after the Haiti quake. We do not forget it.
Two years after earthquake struck Port-au-Prince and in a context marked by the budget cuts on cooperation, the Spanish NGOs of Development had to explain their labor and analyze the pending challenges for the promotion of the development of the country.
- The NGO of the coordinating committee has collected more than 132 million Euros, of which more than 72 million have been invested in health, education, agriculture projects and measures for prevention of catastrophes.
- Almost 80% of funds have been collected by private origin. This fact shows the commitment of the Spanish society with the solidarity in days of crisis.
- Nowadays, almost there are 520 000 homeless in Haiti. The cholera is a serious threat for population, the access to basic social services is limited and 45% Haitian population suffers food insecurity.
- According to the ONU, it has been given only 43% of the 4.600 million Dollars collected by donor countries in 2010-11.
The major disaster in the Humanitarian History in the last years- killing more than 300 000 people- provoked a historical response of the Spanish society being channeled by the NGOs. It was collected more than 132 million by the solidarity citizens, for that, it was possible an immediate humanitarian aid and, later, the development of the country through projects on health, education, agriculture, food supply, cleaning water and measures for prevention of catastrophes. The commitment with Haiti continues. Some ONGs are receiving funds from the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) to work in the county and support a long-term development.
The challenges for the development of the country and the prevention of future disasters are huge, therefore, it is required a long-term commitment. It is necessary a major coordination and leadership of the Haitian government and the funds must been given by the donor countries as soon as possible. So far, it has been delivered only 43% of the 4.600 million. As regards Spain, government has announced budgets cuts on cooperation aid. For that, there is a risk that the Spanish role in Haiti (as third donor country) disappears and, as consequence, the warrantee of the basic needs of population.
The international community is responsible for the process of rebuilding of Haiti, warranting the long-term development. We hope the resources are not joined to economic interests and the international politics on commerce, economic, migratory and environmental are revised to make this vulnerable country stronger.
Entreculturas keeps the commitment with Haiti
Haiti quarter left more than 5 000 destroyed schools and more than 300 000 children without access to education (this comes on top of almost 3 million children already out the education system).
After quarter, Haitian government set "Program for a universal, obligatory and free education" in motion. 653 schools were rebuilt and 612 schools were built by this program. At the same time, Entreculturas - with the Jesuit Service for refugees and the Fé y Alegría team in Haiti- worked to help to Haitian population in this emergency situation. After the first stage of humanitarian attention (which was prolonged during the first six months), we started a second stage that was focused on the monitoring of the victims and reconstructing of the education system of the country as a way for the regeneration of Haiti.
Line 1: To improve and expand on the education infrastructure quality
• Objective: to build quality schools to the East, Center and Southeast of Haiti.
• Achievement: 38 classrooms, 9 classrooms in process of building and 1 880 new scholar places a year.
Line 2: Technique education for employment about rebuilding
- Objective: technique education for young people in 13 different disciplines focused on rebuilding and employment.
- Achievement: 2 845 students in the first two promotions.
Line 3: Emergency education for 5 displacement camps
- Objective: to provide education in temporal classrooms of the displacement camps in active in Port-au-Prince.
- Achievement: 633 children have received courses about hygienic habits and have participated in leisure, play and cultural activities.
Line 4: Trainings for teachers
- Objective: teacher training for educator to apply for appropriate and quality pedagogical skills in the classrooms.
- Achievement: 366 teachers have been educated in 46 different schools.
"Hope for Haiti's future is the education. There are slight lights that we must see as a hope signal. It is very important to pay attention about the education in emergency contexts. On the one hand, education is a vital tool to protect children in the displacement camps; on the other hand, it is important to warranty places where children can go to study and exteriorize the trauma which they have experienced", Ana Cristina, Entreculturas project manager in Haiti.
We believe that Haiti future goes through education. Haitian youths are key elements for developing and rebuilding of country and it is essential the training that they are receiving for the creation of jobs.