The jesuits ask for a boost and a reform of social policies in the next presidential term
Specifically, they formulate seven basic proposals for a global revision of the social policies, developing them in four areas:
1. Fight against social exclusion (especially youths and minors)
In this field the document proposes a grand alliance for social inclusion, in which the person as subject of development and social attention is recovered, strengthening its capacities, fostering its" empowerment", listening to its voice and providing the necessary resources to reduce its vulnerability. It points out that the best plan of inclusion is the creation of jobs and stresses that "the economic crisis cannot be used as an excuse to reduce benefits; on the contrary, it should be an occasion to reinforce the social cushion of support to the more vulnerable people.
In the document, two key ideas underlie their proposals on the subject of immigration:
- In the legal area, to really put into practice the II Citizenship and Integration Strategic Plan (PECI 2011-2014), which they congratulate. And, in spite of the limitations and deficiencies of the current Spanish Foreigners Rights and Liberties legislation (amended in December 2009), it requests that no new reform is done in the next term, and instead that the current law dispositions and regulations are developed.
- It brings to attention how the avoidable administrative obstacles to registering, "result in leaving people in a situation of invisibility and compete social and economics exclusion, eroding their right to health and education.
- With the present situation of increasing unemployment, alternatives must be looked for to deal with long integration and regularization processes that get truncated because of unemployment hindering the renewal of temporary residence.
- • The requirements asked for family regrouping cannot become a restrictive regulation, and much less, a covert barrier that, in effect, prevents it.
- As long as the Alien Internment Centres (CIE) exist, it is necessary that the new government passes, urgently and in consultation with the citizenship, a CIE set of regulations
3. International cooperation
There are 1.400 million people that live on less than 1 Euro per day, and this figure is growing by 100 million yearly since the food, economic and financial crisis broke. International solidarity is a responsible answer by a citizenship committed to universal brotherhood in times of globalization. The social apostolate jesuits propose:
- Maintaining 1.4% of the State expenditure budget for international cooperation..
- Significantly promote the implementation of new development financing mechanisms such as, for example, the financial transaction levy.
- Ensure that Spanish cooperation and all its resources, strategies and plans, respond to the central objective of fighting poverty, eliminating, for instance, the use of cooperation funds to finance migrant control activities and the granting of aid to countries subject to this end.
- Initiate a structural reform of the cooperation system, of improvement of the management systems and their methods of functioning.
- Support decentralized development cooperation and the strategic alliance with other development NGOs.
According to the social apostolate jesuits, "the same fiscal policy has played and plays a relevant role both in the origin and the management of the crisis" and, accordingly, they demand:
- A better governance of social policies, with a greater participation of the social society in its design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.
- Better management of public resources, increasing levels of efficiency. For this they suggest, "deficit containment measures based on the rationalization of public spending and not on cutting back on the budget allocations destined to social integration, education, health and solidarity".
And, more precisely, defending a progressive taxation that gives way to improving social cohesion and answer the crisis from solidarity, they propose:
- A European fiscal union regarding direct taxation.
- Promote a truly progressive tax system, with convergent measures, such as, for example, modify the IRPF creating new levels and integrating capital revenue in the general base; reform company tax, reducing the range of deductions and exemptions that companies enjoy and posing a greater contribution from investment business.
- Fight tax fraud, to recover part of the € 90.000 million that treasury loses yearly because of it.
- Create a tax levy on International Financial Transactions (ITF). The funds collected must be used for Development Official Funding, with the objective of covering the existing financing deficit in meeting the Millennium Developing Objective.